Assessment of the current state of recreational nature management and development of an effective strategy for sustainable use of aquatic bioresources of Ukraine
Novitskiy Roman O., Доктор біологічних наук
Dnipro state agrarian and economic university
As a result of the research work, information of a diagnostic nature was obtained regarding the current state of hydrobioresources and aspects of their use in Ukraine. More than 220 species of fish live in the reservoirs of Ukraine, of which 32 species are objects of freshwater amateur and sport fishing, and 57 species of sea fish. An assessment of the cost (value) of aquatic biological resources extracted by fishing was made. It has been proven that the exchange (market) value of aquatic biological resources is extremely low: the average value of 1 kg of live fish from natural reservoirs does not exceed UAH 5.6, which is 1.65% of the market value of products. The low cost of aquatic biological resources from natural reservoirs is extremely underestimated, which determines the development of commercial fishing (a significant margin between the size of the fee for special use and the market price), and also contributes to the growth of IUU fishing (significant profit due to practically free capture of fish and its resale on the market). The low cost of aquatic bioresources has a direct negative impact on both fishing and the development of recreational fishing. An assessment of the current state of recreational nature use in public water bodies of Ukraine was carried out, including an analysis of the volume of unaccounted for, unspecified, illegal fishing (IUU fishing) as a type of nature use. It has been proven that the total extraction of aquatic biological resources in the reservoirs of Ukraine is: fishing (commercial fishing) – 30–35%; amateur fishing - 40-45% (including spearfishing, collecting crayfish, catching shrimps, collecting moth, hamarus, etc. - 7%); illegal fishing of biological resources reaches at least 25–30%. For 10 commercially valuable fish (catfish, zander, pike, carp, bream, blue bream, bream, silver crucian carp, tench), recreational fishing actively competes with fishing. It has been proven that recreational fishing is also a way of effective
Head: Novitskiy Roman O.. Assessment of the current state of recreational nature management and development of an effective strategy for sustainable use of aquatic bioresources of Ukraine.
Dnipro state agrarian and economic university. № 0223U001158